Source code for tradeexecutor.strategy.runner

"""Strategy execution core.

Define the runner model for different strategy types.

import abc
import datetime
from contextlib import AbstractContextManager
import logging
from io import StringIO

from typing import List, Optional, Tuple

from tradeexecutor.strategy.account_correction import check_accounts, UnexpectedAccountingCorrectionIssue
from tradeexecutor.strategy.approval import ApprovalModel
from tradeexecutor.strategy.cycle import CycleDuration
from tradeexecutor.strategy.engine_version import TradingStrategyEngineVersion
from tradeexecutor.strategy.execution_context import ExecutionContext
from tradeexecutor.strategy.execution_model import ExecutionModel
from tradeexecutor.strategy.sync_model import SyncMethodV0, SyncModel
from tradeexecutor.strategy.run_state import RunState
from tradeexecutor.strategy.output import output_positions, DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, output_trades
from tradeexecutor.strategy.pandas_trader.position_manager import PositionManager
from tradeexecutor.strategy.pricing_model import PricingModelFactory, PricingModel
from tradeexecutor.strategy.routing import RoutingModel, RoutingState
from tradeexecutor.strategy.stop_loss import check_position_triggers
from tradeexecutor.strategy.trading_strategy_universe import TradingStrategyUniverse
from tradeexecutor.strategy.universe_model import StrategyExecutionUniverse

from tradeexecutor.state.state import State
from tradeexecutor.state.position import TradingPosition
from import TradeExecution
from tradeexecutor.state.reserve import ReservePosition
from tradeexecutor.strategy.valuation import ValuationModelFactory, ValuationModel

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

class PreflightCheckFailed(Exception):
    """Something was wrong with the datafeeds."""

[docs]class StrategyRunner(abc.ABC): """A base class for a strategy executor. Each different strategy type needs its own runner. Currently we have - :py:class:`tradeexecutor.strategy.pandas_trader.runner.PandasTraderRunner` - :py:class:`tradeexecutor.strategy.qstrader.runner.QSTraderRunner` TODO: Make user_supplied_routing_model non-optional after eliminating legacy code. """
[docs] def __init__(self, timed_task_context_manager: AbstractContextManager, execution_model: ExecutionModel, approval_model: ApprovalModel, valuation_model_factory: ValuationModelFactory, sync_model: Optional[SyncModel], pricing_model_factory: PricingModelFactory, execution_context: ExecutionContext, routing_model: Optional[RoutingModel] = None, run_state: Optional[RunState] = None, accounting_checks=False, ): """ :param engine_version: Strategy execution version. Changes function arguments based on this. See `StrategyModuleInformation.trading_strategy_engine_version`. """ assert isinstance(execution_context, ExecutionContext) if sync_model is not None: assert isinstance(sync_model, SyncModel) self.timed_task_context_manager = timed_task_context_manager self.execution_model = execution_model self.approval_model = approval_model self.valuation_model_factory = valuation_model_factory self.sync_model = sync_model self.pricing_model_factory = pricing_model_factory self.routing_model = routing_model self.run_state = run_state self.execution_context = execution_context self.accounting_checks = accounting_checks"Created strategy runner %s, engine version %s", self, self.execution_context.engine_version)
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def pretick_check(self, ts: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse): """Check the universe for good data before a strategy tick is executed. If there are data errors, then log and abort with helpful error messages. Only relevant for live trading; if backtesting data fails it can be diagnosed in the backtesting itself. :param client: Trading Strategy client to check server versions etc. :param universe: THe currently constructed universe :param ts: Real-time clock signal or past clock timestamp in the case of unit testing :raise PreflightCheckFailed: In the case we cannot go live """ pass
[docs] def is_progress_report_needed(self) -> bool: """Do we log the strategy steps to logger? - Disabled for backtesting to speed up - Can be enabled by hacking this function if backtesting needs debugging """ return self.execution_context.mode.is_live_trading() or self.execution_context.mode.is_unit_testing()
[docs] def sync_portfolio(self, strategy_cycle_ts: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, state: State, debug_details: dict): """Adjust portfolio balances based on the external events. External events include - Deposits - Withdrawals - Interest accrued - Token rebases """ assert isinstance(universe, StrategyExecutionUniverse), f"Universe was {universe}" reserve_assets = list(universe.reserve_assets) assert len(reserve_assets) > 0, "No reserve assets available" assert len(reserve_assets) == 1, f"We only support strategies with a single reserve asset, got {self.reserve_assets}" token = reserve_assets[0] assert token.decimals and token.decimals > 0, f"Reserve asset lacked decimals" balance_update_events = self.sync_model.sync_treasury( strategy_cycle_ts, state, supported_reserves=reserve_assets, ) assert type(balance_update_events) == list # Update the debug data for tests with our events debug_details["reserve_update_events"] = balance_update_events debug_details["total_equity_at_start"] = state.portfolio.get_total_equity() debug_details["total_cash_at_start"] = state.portfolio.get_cash()
[docs] def revalue_portfolio(self, ts: datetime.datetime, state: State, valuation_method: ValuationModel): """Revalue portfolio based on the data.""" state.revalue_positions(ts, valuation_method)"After revaluation at %s our equity is %f", ts, state.portfolio.get_total_equity())
[docs] def collect_post_execution_data( self, execution_context: ExecutionContext, pricing_model: PricingModel, trades: List[TradeExecution]): """Collect post execution data for all trades. - Collect prices after the execution - Mostly matters for failed execution only, but we collect for everything """ # Rerun price estimations for the latest block data # after the trade has been executed for t in trades: if execution_context.mode.is_live_trading(): ts = datetime.datetime.utcnow() else: # Backtesting does not yet have a way # to simulate slippage ts = t.strategy_cycle_at # Credit supply pairs do not have pricing ATM if not t.pair.is_credit_supply(): if t.is_buy(): t.post_execution_price_structure = pricing_model.get_buy_price(ts, t.pair, t.planned_reserve) else: t.post_execution_price_structure = pricing_model.get_sell_price(ts, t.pair, -t.planned_quantity)
[docs] def on_clock(self, clock: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, pricing_model: PricingModel, state: State, debug_details: dict) -> List[TradeExecution]: """Perform the core strategy decision cycle. :param clock: The current cycle timestamp :param universe: Our trading pairs and such. Refreshed before the cycle. :param pricing_model: When constructing trades, uses pricing model to estimate the cost of a trade. :param state: The current trade execution and portfolio status :return: List of new trades to execute """ return []
def report_after_sync_and_revaluation(self, clock: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, state: State, debug_details: dict): buf = StringIO() portfolio = state.portfolio tick = debug_details.get("cycle", 1) print(f"Portfolio status (before rebalance), tick #{tick}", file=buf) print("", file=buf) print(f"Total equity: ${portfolio.get_total_equity():,.2f}, in cash: ${portfolio.get_cash():,.2f}", file=buf) print(f"Life-time positions: {portfolio.next_position_id - 1}, trades: {portfolio.next_trade_id - 1}", file=buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) if len(portfolio.open_positions) > 0: print(f"Currently open positions:", file=buf) print("", file=buf) output_positions(portfolio.open_positions.values(), buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) else:"No open positions") if portfolio.get_frozen_position_equity() > 0: print(f"Frozen positions (${portfolio.get_frozen_position_equity():,.2f}):", file=buf) print("", file=buf) output_positions(portfolio.frozen_positions.values(), buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) else:"No frozen positions") print("Reserves:", file=buf) print("", file=buf) reserve: ReservePosition for reserve in state.portfolio.reserves.values(): print(f" {reserve.quantity:,.2f} {reserve.asset.token_symbol}", file=buf) def report_before_execution(self, clock: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, state: State, trades: List[TradeExecution], debug_details: dict): buf = StringIO() if len(trades) > 0: print("New trades to be executed", file=buf) print("", file=buf) position: TradingPosition portfolio = state.portfolio output_trades(trades, portfolio, buf) else: print("No new trades", file=buf) def report_after_execution(self, clock: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, state: State, debug_details: dict): buf = StringIO() portfolio = state.portfolio print("Portfolio status (after rebalance)", file=buf) print("", file=buf) print(f"Total equity: ${portfolio.get_total_equity():,.2f}, Cash: ${portfolio.get_cash():,.2f}", file=buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) if len(portfolio.open_positions) > 0: print(f"Opened/open positions:", file=buf) print("", file=buf) output_positions(portfolio.open_positions.values(), buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) else:"No positions opened") closed_positions = list(portfolio.get_positions_closed_at(clock)) if len(closed_positions) > 0: print(f"Closed positions:", file=buf) output_positions(closed_positions, buf) print(DISCORD_BREAK_CHAR, file=buf) else:"No closed positions") print("Reserves:", file=buf) print("", file=buf) reserve: ReservePosition for reserve in state.portfolio.reserves.values(): print(f" {reserve.quantity:,.2f} {reserve.asset.token_symbol}", file=buf)
[docs] def report_strategy_thinking(self, strategy_cycle_timestamp: datetime.datetime, cycle: int, universe: TradingStrategyUniverse, state: State, trades: List[TradeExecution], debug_details: dict): """Strategy admin helpers to understand a live running strategy. - Post latest variables - Draw the single pair strategy visualisation. :param strategy_cycle_timestamp: real time lock :param cycle: Cycle number :param universe: Currnet trading universe :param trades: Trades executed on this cycle :param state: Current execution state :param debug_details: Dict of random debug stuff """
[docs] def setup_routing(self, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse) -> Tuple[RoutingState, PricingModel, ValuationModel]: """Setups routing state for this cycle. :param universe: The currently tradeable universe :return: Tuple(routing state, pricing model, valuation model) """ assert self.routing_model, "Routing model not set" # Get web3 connection, hot wallet routing_state_details = self.execution_model.get_routing_state_details() # Initialise the current routing state with execution details"Setting up routing.\n" "Routing model is %s\n" "Details are %s\n" "Universe is %s", self.routing_model, routing_state_details, universe, ) routing_state = self.routing_model.create_routing_state(universe, routing_state_details) # Create a pricing model for assets pricing_model = self.pricing_model_factory(self.execution_model, universe, self.routing_model) assert pricing_model, "pricing_model_factory did not return a value" # Create a valuation model for positions valuation_model = self.valuation_model_factory(pricing_model) logger.debug("setup_routing(): routing_state: %s, pricing_model: %s, valuation_model: %s", routing_state, pricing_model, valuation_model ) return routing_state, pricing_model, valuation_model
[docs] def tick(self, strategy_cycle_timestamp: datetime.datetime, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, state: State, debug_details: dict, cycle_duration: Optional[CycleDuration] = None, cycle: Optional[int] = None, ) -> dict: """Execute the core functions of a strategy. :param strategy_cycle_timestamp: Current timestamp of the execution cycle. :param universe: Loaded trading data :param state: The current state of the strategy (open position, past trades, visualisation) :param debug_details: Internal bunch of data used in unit testing :param cycle_duration: The currenct cycle duration (time between ticks). This may be specific in a strategy module, but also overridden for testing. This is used only for logging purposes. :param cycle: Strategy cycle number :param execution_context: Live or backtesting :return: Debug details dictionary where different subsystems can write their diagnostics information what is happening during the dict. Mostly useful for integration testing. """ assert isinstance(universe, StrategyExecutionUniverse) assert isinstance(strategy_cycle_timestamp, datetime.datetime) if cycle_duration not in (CycleDuration.cycle_unknown, CycleDuration.cycle_1s, None): assert strategy_cycle_timestamp.second == 0, f"Cycle duration {cycle_duration}: Does not look like a cycle timestamp: {strategy_cycle_timestamp}, should be even minutes" friendly_cycle_duration = cycle_duration.value if cycle_duration else "-" with self.timed_task_context_manager("strategy_tick", clock=strategy_cycle_timestamp, cycle_duration=friendly_cycle_duration): routing_state, pricing_model, valuation_model = self.setup_routing(universe) assert pricing_model, "Routing did not provide pricing_model" # Watch incoming deposits with self.timed_task_context_manager("sync_portfolio"): self.sync_portfolio(strategy_cycle_timestamp, universe, state, debug_details) # Double check we handled deposits correctly with self.timed_task_context_manager("check_accounts"): self.check_accounts(universe, state) # Assing a new value for every existing position with self.timed_task_context_manager("revalue_portfolio"): self.revalue_portfolio(strategy_cycle_timestamp, state, valuation_model) # Log output if self.is_progress_report_needed(): self.report_after_sync_and_revaluation(strategy_cycle_timestamp, universe, state, debug_details) # Run the strategy cycle with self.timed_task_context_manager("decide_trades"): rebalance_trades = self.on_clock(strategy_cycle_timestamp, universe, pricing_model, state, debug_details) assert type(rebalance_trades) == list debug_details["rebalance_trades"] = rebalance_trades # Make some useful diagnostics output for log files to troubleshoot if something # when wrong internally _, last_point_at = state.visualisation.get_timestamp_range()"We have %d new trades, %d total visualisation points, last visualisation point at %s", len(rebalance_trades), state.visualisation.get_total_points(), last_point_at ) # Log what our strategy decided if self.is_progress_report_needed(): self.report_strategy_thinking( strategy_cycle_timestamp=strategy_cycle_timestamp, cycle=cycle, universe=universe, state=state, trades=rebalance_trades, debug_details=debug_details) # Shortcut quit here if no trades are needed if len(rebalance_trades) == 0:"No action taken: strategy decided not to open or close any positions") return debug_details # Ask user confirmation for any trades with self.timed_task_context_manager("confirm_trades"): approved_trades = self.approval_model.confirm_trades(state, rebalance_trades) assert type(approved_trades) == list"After approval we have %d trades left", len(approved_trades)) debug_details["approved_trades"] = approved_trades # Log output if self.is_progress_report_needed(): self.report_before_execution(strategy_cycle_timestamp, universe, state, approved_trades, debug_details) # Physically execute the trades with self.timed_task_context_manager("execute_trades", trade_count=len(approved_trades)): # Unit tests can turn this flag to make it easier to see why trades fail check_balances = debug_details.get("check_balances", False) # Make sure our hot wallet nonce is up to date self.sync_model.resync_nonce() self.execution_model.execute_trades( strategy_cycle_timestamp, state, approved_trades, self.routing_model, routing_state, check_balances=check_balances) # Run any logic we need to run after the trades have been executd with self.timed_task_context_manager("post_execution"): self.collect_post_execution_data( self.execution_context, pricing_model, approved_trades, ) # Log output if self.is_progress_report_needed(): self.report_after_execution(strategy_cycle_timestamp, universe, state, debug_details) return debug_details
[docs] def check_position_triggers(self, clock: datetime.datetime, state: State, universe: StrategyExecutionUniverse, stop_loss_pricing_model: PricingModel, routing_state: RoutingState, ) -> List[TradeExecution]: """Check stop loss/take profit for positions. Unlike trade balancing in tick() - Stop loss/take profit can occur only to any existing positions. No new positions are opened. - Trading Universe cannot change for these triggers, but remains stable between main ticks. - check_position_triggers() is much more lightweight and can be called much more frequently, even once per minute :return: List of generated stop loss trades """ if routing_state is None: # Dummy executoin model return assert isinstance(routing_state, RoutingState) assert isinstance(stop_loss_pricing_model, PricingModel) with self.timed_task_context_manager("check_position_triggers"): # TODO: Sync the treasury here # We use PositionManager.close_position() # to generate trades to close stop loss positions position_manager = PositionManager( clock, universe.universe, state, stop_loss_pricing_model, ) triggered_trades = check_position_triggers(position_manager) approved_trades = self.approval_model.confirm_trades(state, triggered_trades) if approved_trades:"Executing %d stop loss/take profit trades at %s", len(approved_trades), clock) self.execution_model.execute_trades( clock, state, approved_trades, self.routing_model, routing_state, check_balances=False) return approved_trades
[docs] def repair_state(self, state: State) -> List[TradeExecution]: """Repair unclean state issues. Currently supports - Fixing unfinished trades :return: List of fixed trades """"Reparing the state") repaired = [] repaired += self.execution_model.repair_unconfirmed_trades(state) return repaired
[docs] def refresh_visualisations(self, state: State, universe: TradingStrategyUniverse): """Update the visualisations in the run state. This will update `RunState.visualisations` for the current strategy. - In-process memory charts are served by webhook - In-process memory charts are posted to Discord, etc. - This is called on the startup, so that we have immediately good visualisation to show over the webhook when the web server boots up - This is called after each strategy thinking cycle is complete. The function is overridden by the child class for actual strategy runner specific implementation. """
[docs] def check_accounts(self, universe: TradingStrategyUniverse, state: State): """Perform extra accounting checks on live trading startup. Must be enabled in the settings. Enabled by default for live trading. :raise UnexpectedAccountingCorrectionIssue: Aborting execution. """ assert isinstance(universe, TradingStrategyUniverse) # Enzyme tests if len(state.portfolio.reserves) == 0:"No reserves, skipping accounting checks") return if self.accounting_checks: clean, df = check_accounts( universe.universe.pairs, [universe.get_reserve_asset()], state, self.sync_model, ) if not clean: logger.error("Accounting errors detected\n" "Aborting execution as we cannot reliable trade with incorrect balances.\n" "Accounting errors are:\n" "%s", df.to_string()) raise UnexpectedAccountingCorrectionIssue("Accounting errors detected") else:"Accounting checks disabled - skipping")